My 18-year-old son has been suffering from severe back pain for the past 3 years. No history of back pain before then. He first hurt his back lifting weights in football, but just experienced mild/moderate pain at that time which didn't interfere with much except that he quit football. Then he was pitching in a baseball game that next spring and felt and heard a loud "pop" in his lower back then felt like needles were going up his spine. From then on his back pain has been severe and has affected every part of his life. At one point he was only sleeping a few hours a week due to the pain keeping him awake. He had to quit baseball (a truly heartbreaking decision), is always tired and hardly ever goes to do anything with friends, is very frustrated and tired of always being in pain. His last MRI showed a "moderate" anterolisthesis, but nothing that would explain the high level of pain he is experiencing. The neurosurgeon said that he is sure there was some type of injury, but nothing definite is showing up on the MRI's or CAT scans, or bone scans. We've tried everything we can think of: chiropractors, orthpedic surgeons, nuerosugeons, acupuncture, physical therapy, deep muscle massage, 3 new mattresses, exercise/no exercise, pain management. He has had 3 Rhisodomys with only patial pain relief. Does anyone have any suggestions? I'm very worried about him and am out of ideas.