My sister is diagnosed with some spinal problem. It developed as pain in knees and when we consulted a doctor. She was advised to take a MRI and the details are given below. Looking at the reports, she was referred to a neurophysician. We are yet to see the neurophysician, but before that we wanted to understand what is this. The initial doctor that we visited mentioned that the below health issue might require a surgery. We understand that this forum doesn't advice on treatments but our requirement is to understand what is the problem described here. What are the treatment usually advised for such cases. Help us with this.
MRI details are below:
Mild loss of lumbar lordosis note
Vertebral bodies and posterior arch elements are otherwise normal in shape and signal morphology.
Partial degeneration seen in IV discs
Mild disc bulges noted at L4- L5 and L5 –S1 levels causing indentation over thecal sac.
Rest of disc shows no significant bulges.
Lower dorsal cord, conus and filum terminile appear normal
Rest of the spinal canal measurement are within normal limits.
Facet join appear normal.
Pre and Para spinal soft tissues are normal
Both sacroiliac joints appear normal to the extent seen
Strengthening of cervical spine noted-possible due to spasm
Mild central disc protrusion noted C3-C4 & C4-C5 lrvrls causing indentation over thecal sac.
Rest of the disc and spinal cord are normal.