References-1231

References for:
Physical Therapy After Minimally Invasive Back Surgery


1. Yoshihara K, Shirai Y, Nakayama Y, Uesaka S. Histochemical changes in the multifidus muscle in patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. Spine 2001, 26: 622- 626.

2. Hides JA, Richardson CA, Jull GA. Multifidus muscle recovery is not automatic after resolution of acute, first-episode low back pain. Spine 1996, Dec 1; 21 (23): 2763-2769

3. Richardson C, Jull G, Hodges P, Hides J. Therapeutic Exercise for Spinal Segemental Stabilization in Low Back Pain. Scientific basis and clinical approach, Churchill Livingstone, 1999.

4. Maxey L, and Magnusson J. Rehabilitation for the Postsurgical Orthopedic Patient, 2001. Mosby, St. Louis.

5. McFarland C and Burkhart D. Rehabilitation Protocols for Surgical and Nonsurgical Procedures: Lumbar Spine 2001. North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA.

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7. Saal JA. The new back school prescription: Stabilization training Part II. Spine: State of the Art Reviews 1991; 5(3): 357-366.

8. Danielsen JM, Johnson R, Kibsgaard SK, Hellevik E. Early aggressive exercise for postoperative rehabilitation after discectomy. Spine 2000; 25 (8): 1015-20.

9. Dolan P, Greenfield K, Nelson RJ, Nelson IW. Can exercise therapy improve the outcome of microdiscectomy? Spine 2000, 25(12): 1523-1532

10. Kjellby-Wendt G, Styf J. Early active training after lumbar discectomy. A prospective randomized controlled study. Spine 1998, 23 (21): 2345-51.

11. Manniche C et al. Clinical trial of postoperative dynamic back exercises after first lumbar discectomy. Spine 1993 Mar 1; 18(5): 560-7.

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13. Sahrmann SA. Diagnosis and Treatment of Movement Impairment Syndromes 2002. Mosby, St. Louris

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15. Hodges PW, Richardson CA. Inefficient muscular stabilization of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain. Spine 1996: 21: 2640-2649

16. Potvin JR, O’Brien PR. Trunk muscle co-contraction increases during fatiguing isometric, lateral bend exertions. Possible indications for spine stabilization. Spine 1998 Apr 1; 23(7): 774-781.

17. Curtis L, Mayer T, Gatchel R. Physical progress and residual impairment quantification after functional restoration. Spine 1994; 19(4): 401-5.

18, Nelson BW, Carpenter DM, Dreisinger TE, Mitchell M, Kelly CE, Wegner JA. Can spinal surgery be prevented by aggressive strengthening exercise? A prospective study of cervical and lumbar patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80(1): 20-25.

19 . Brennan GP, Shulz BB, Hood RS, Zahniser JC, Johnson SC, Gerber AH. The effects of aerobic exercise after lumbar microdiscectomy. Spine 1994; 19(7): 735-9.

20. American College of Sports Medicine. ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. 6th edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.

21. Kietrys D. Neural mobilization: An appraisal of the evidence regarding validity andefficacy. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice 2003; 15 (4): 18-20.

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23. Nourbakhsh MR, Arab AM. Relationship between mechanical factors and incidence of low back pain. JOSPT 2002; 32 (9): 447- 460.

24. Paris S. Physical Signs of Instability. Spine 1985; 10(3): 277-9.

25. Porterfield J, DeRosa C. Mechanical Low Back Pain. Perspectives in Functional Anatomy. W.B. Saunders Company, 1991.

26. Silhoven T, Lindgren KA, Airaksinen O, Manninen H. Movement disturbances of the lumbar spine and abnormal back muscle electromyographic findings in recurrent low back pain. Spine 1997 Feb 1; 22(3): 289-95.