Cervical radiculopathy occurs when a nerve root in the neck is irritated by compression or inflammation. Symptoms of cervical radiculopathy can radiate along that nerve's pathway into the arm or hand. The goal of treatment is to take the pressure off of the nerve root so the pain and inflammation do not return. Learn about the different treatment options for cervical radiculopathy in this informative video
Video presented by Grant Cooper, MD
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Treating cervical radiculopathy begins with a good understanding of the anatomy that's underlying the radiculopathy so you can focus your efforts appropriately. Essentially, treating a cervical radiculopathy is like treating most other musculoskeletal ailments, which is that we need to reduce the inflammation - in this case around the nerve root - and then we need to address the biomechanics, so we can take the pressure off of that nerve root so that it doesn't come back.
Often, treating cervical radiculopathy starts with physical therapy - stretching, strengthening, postural exercises - getting the biomechanics right to help take the pressure off the spine so the nerve basically has a chance to heal itself. Along the way, oral medications can be very helpful to help alleviate the symptoms and allow people to participate in the physical therapy. In addition, within physical therapy there are many passive modalities, such as gentle spinal manipulation, traction, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, soft tissue massage - different modalities that help to control the symptoms and also, ideally, to help take away some of the inflammation from around the nerve roots.
When the symptoms are persistent despite physical therapy, or if the symptoms are restricting the person's ability to really fully participate in physical therapy, then sometimes an epidural steroid injection can be very helpful to take away the inflammation. Now it's important to remember that an epidural doesn't fix a herniated disc, it doesn't change the arthritis in the spine, nor does it simply mask the pain either. What it does is it reduces the inflammation, essentially it attempts to reset the inflammatory clock back down to zero. If a person can then take advantage of this time where the inflammation is not there and use it more as a window of opportunity during which he or she can stretch, strengthen, really address the mechanics and tweak the mechanics so that in 3 months/6 months/9 months/a year the same stresses aren't going through the spine, so they won't be going through the nerve and, ideally, the pain won't return and you won't have to be sitting back there in several months having to do any more injections.
In those rare cases that symptoms aren't getting better with conservative treatments, there are surgical alternatives. The surgical alternatives really depend on the underlying anatomy in terms of whether you can do a discectomy, a foraminotomy, or a more extensive surgical procedure. It just depends on the underlying anatomy as to what kind of surgical alternatives may be appropriate.