Unrefreshing or non-restorative sleep is reported in greater than 75% of fibromyalgia patients. One study reported abnormal stage 4 sleep patterns in fibromyalgia patients 33. Furthermore, clinically induced sleep deprivations can induce a conditions like fibromyalgia in normal adults.

Consequently, much attention has focused on enhancing sleep, particularly stage 4 sleep. Promoting good sleep "hygiene" has become the norm in many journals, especially for fibromyalgia sufferers.

General important sleep habits include:

  • Establishing a regular sleep/wake cycle
  • Avoidance of caffeine, alcohol and other drugs that may inhibit good sleep
  • Minimizing stress is important, and appropriate stress reduction strategies need to be incorporated (such as aerobic fitness)
  • When appropriate, medications to enhance sleep may be necessary (such as sedatives/hypnotics).