Injections for Neck and Back Pain Relief References

  1. Manchikanti L, Nampiaparampil DE, Candido KD, et al. Do cervical epidural injections provide long-term relief in neck and upper extremity pain? A systematic review. Pain Physician. 2015;18(1):39-60.
  2. Murthy NS, Geske JR, Shelerud RA, et al. The Effectiveness of Repeat Lumbar Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injections. Pain Medicine. 2014;15(10):1686-1694. doi:10.1111/pme.12497
  3. Park KD, Lee WY, Nam SH, Kim M, Park Y. Ultrasound-guided selective nerve root block versus fluoroscopy-guided interlaminar epidural block for the treatment of radicular pain in the lower cervical spine: a retrospective comparative study. Journal of Ultrasound. December 2018. doi:10.1007/s40477-018-0344-z
  4. Meng H, Fei Q, Wang B, et al. Epidural injections with or without steroids in managing chronic low back pain secondary to lumbar spinal stenosis: a meta-analysis of 13 randomized controlled trials. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2015;9:4657–4667. Published 2015 Aug 13. doi:10.2147/DDDT.S85524
  5. Wagner AL, Murtagh FR. Selective nerve root blocks. Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology. 2002;5(4):194-200. doi:10.1053/tvir.2002.36429
  6. Singh S, Kumar S, Chahal G, Verma R. Selective nerve root blocks vs. caudal epidural injection for single level prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc - A prospective randomized study. J Clin Orthop Trauma. 2016;8(2):142–147. doi:10.1016/j.jcot.2016.02.001
  7. Peh W. Image-guided facet joint injection. Biomed Imaging Interv J. 2011;7(1):e4. doi:10.2349/biij.7.1.e4
  8. Cohen SP, Moon JY, Brummett CM, White RL, Larkin TM. Medial Branch Blocks or Intra-Articular Injections as a Prognostic Tool Before Lumbar Facet Radiofrequency Denervation. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. 2015;40(4):376-383. doi:10.1097/aap.0000000000000229
  9. Nacey NC, Patrie JT, Fox MG. Fluoroscopically Guided Sacroiliac Joint Injections: Comparison of the Effects of Intraarticular and Periarticular Injections on Immediate and Short-Term Pain Relief. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2016;207(5):1055-1061. doi:10.2214/ajr.15.15779
  10. McCormick ZL, Marshall B, Walker J, McCarthy R, Walega DR. Long-Term Function, Pain and Medication Use Outcomes of Radiofrequency Ablation for Lumbar Facet Syndrome. Int J Anesth Anesth. 2015;2(2):028.
  11. Perolat R, Kastler A, Nicot B, et al. Facet joint syndrome: from diagnosis to interventional management. Insights Imaging. 2018;9(5):773-789.
  12. Anjana Reddy VS, Sharma C, Chang KY, Mehta V. 'Simplicity' radiofrequency neurotomy of sacroiliac joint: a real life 1-year follow-up UK data. Br J Pain. 2016;10(2):90-9.
  13. Choi W-S, Kim J-S, Ryu K-S, Hur J-W, Seong J-H, Cho H-J. Endoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation of the Sacroiliac Joint Complex in the Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Preliminary Study of Feasibility and Efficacy of a Novel Technique. BioMed Research International. 2016;2016:1-8. doi:10.1155/2016/2834259
  14. Senthelal S, Mesfin FB. Ablative Nerve Block. [Updated 2018 Nov 22]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019 Jan-. Available from: