Lumbar Herniated Disc: What You Should Know References

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  6. Huang W, Qian Y, Zheng K, Yu L, Yu X. Is smoking a risk factor for lumbar disc herniation? European Spine Journal. January 2016, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 168-176. First online: 10 July 2015. link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00586-015-4103-y.
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  8. Leven D, DO, PT; Peter G. Passias P, MD; Thomas J. Errico T, et al. Risk Factors for Reoperation in Patients Treated Surgically for Intervertebral Disc Herniation: A Subanalysis of Eight-Year SPORT Data. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2015 Aug 19; 97 (16): 1316 1325. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26290082.
  9. M.C. Battie, T. Videman, J. Kaprio, et al. The twin spine study: contributions to a changing view of disc degeneration. Spine J, 9 (1) (2009), pp. 47–59. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19111259.
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  11. Zhang YG, Sun Z, Zhang Z. Liu J, Guo X. Risk factors for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in Chinese population: a case–control study. Spine, 34 (25) (2009), pp. E918–E922. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19940721.
  12. Tabesh H, Tabesh A, Fakharian E, Fazel M, Abrishamkar S. The effect of age on result of straight leg raising test in patients suffering lumbar disc herniation and sciatica. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences : The Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. 2015;20(2):150-153.
  13. Brinjikji W, Luetmer PH, Comstock B, et al. Systematic Literature Review of Imaging Features of Spinal Degeneration in Asymptomatic Populations. AJNR American journal of neuroradiology. 2015;36(4):811-816. doi:10.3174/ajnr.A4173.
  14. Dohrmann GJ, Mansour N. Long-Term Results of Various Operations for Lumbar Disc Herniation: Analysis of over 39,000 Patients. Med Princ Pract 2015;24:285-290. (DOI:10.1159/000375499).
  15. Abraham P, Rennert RC, Martin JR, et al. The role of surgery for treatment of low back pain: insights from the randomized controlled Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trials. Surgical Neurology International. 2016;7:38. doi:10.4103/2152-7806.180297.