Conservative Treatments for Osteoporosis and Surgery for Vertebral Fractures

Once osteoporosis has been diagnosed, patient and physician should work together to develop a osteoporosis treatment plan where the goal is to slow bone loss and prevent fractures. Treatment may include:

  • Exercise (if no fracture) — to help maintain bone density and reduce the risk of falls.
  • Medication — to slow bone loss and prevent fractures. Osteoporosis medications fall into two categories:
    • medications that slow or stop bone resorption (loss);
    • medications that increase bone formation.

Even once osteoporosis has been diagnosed, it is possible to slow bone loss, build bone density and prevent fractures. Continually advancing osteoporosis and related fractures are not an inevitable outcome of being diagnosed with osteoporosis.