Because osteoporosis is a systemic disease, it is not possible to spot-treat the spine. The best way to prevent spinal osteoporosis and vertebral fractures is to prevent general osteoporosis through nutrition and performing weight-bearing exercises.


By eating a varied diet rich in whole foods, patients are likely to consume the nutrients they need to promote general health and strong bones.


Patients who perform weight-bearing exercises may not only improve their strength, flexibility, stamina, and balance, but will help their body strengthen bones.


Medical treatment

Some patients will need medication in addition to exercise and diet. There are numerous options available to patients, who are encouraged to consult with a doctor on a treatment plan.


Treating Vertebral Fractures

Vertebral fractures do not always require medical care. Many will heal on their own in approximately six weeks, although a dull ache may persist in the affected vertebrae. Some patients may elect to wear a brace that supports good posture while the vertebra heals. Alternatively, kyphoplasty, and vertebroplasty are two out-patient surgeries that can restore height, decrease pain, and may help prevent future fractures.

Dr. Grant Cooper is a physiatrist with several years of clinical experience, specializing in the non-surgical treatment of spine, joint, and muscle pain. He is the Co-Founder and Co-Director of Princeton Spine and Joint Center and the Co-Director of the Interventional Spine Program.