Some conditions may start as a neck problem and send symptoms up to the head, while other conditions start with headaches and send pain down to the neck.
Cervicogenic headache (CGH) CGH usually begins as a dull ache in the neck and radiates upward along the back of the head, almost always affecting just one side.
Occipital neuralgia Occipital neuralgia is characterized by sharp, painful, electric-shock-like sensations on the back of the head, neck, and ears.
Tension headache Tension headache is a common headache characterized by moderate to severe non-throbbing pain in the forehead, scalp, and neck.
Migraine headache A migraine is a recurring headache that causes moderate to severe throbbing and pulsating pain on one side of the head. Neck pain commonly starts before or during the migraine attack.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) headache TMJ headache is a dull ache starting at the temples and around the TMJ and may resemble an earache. Neck pain can occur due to muscle fatigue or weakness in the TMJ.
Hemicrania continua Hemicrania continua is a headache of unknown origin characterized by one-sided continuous headache of moderate intensity. During severe exacerbations of the condition, pain spreads to the neck, shoulder, and/or area around the ear.
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