Spine deformity can happen when unnatural curvature occurs, as in scoliosis (side-to-side curvature) or kyphosis and Scheuermann's Disease of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine (front-to-back curvature). It also occurs due to defect (e.g. spondylolisthesis) or damage to the spine (if there are  multiple fractures or ankylosing spondylitis). Deformities do not commonly cause pain unless the change in structure restricts movement or reduces room in the spinal canal and puts pressure on the nerves there.

Find out what causes the different types of kyphosis of the spine and what should be done once it has been identified.

Scheuermann's disease, or Scheuermann's kyphosis, rarely requires surgery to correct, but there are surgical options for patients with severe deformity.
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