The list below covers the most common back and neck conditions and areas of spine-related pain. Each topic contains doctor written and reviewed articles, in-depth videos, and other beneficial information to help you understand each condition. If you are not sure what condition you are looking for, you can start your search by the location of the pain. If a condition is not covered below, you can visit our comprehensive Pain Topics A - Z or use the search box at the top of each page to find additional conditions. In addition to the major categories listed below, other conditions include:
- Arthritis and Osteoarthritis
Spinal arthritis - also called degenerative joint disease - is the breakdown of the cartilage between the facet joints in the spine, leading to low back pain and/or leg pain. Artritis y osteoartritis en español
- Chronic Pain
Back pain that lasts longer than 3 months is considered unlikely to heal on its own and different treatment paths are considered in order to get pain relief.
- Degenerative Disc Disease
Most patients with degenerative disc disease will experience low-level but continuous back pain that will occasionally intensify and can become severe. Enfermedad degenerativa de disco en español
Clinical depression often accompanies chronic back pain, or can lead to increased back pain, and needs to be included as part of an overall treatment plan.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic muscular pain syndrome, which may first appear as back pain.
- Herniated Disc
A herniated disc occurs when the inner gel in the disc leaks out and puts pressure upon a spinal nerve, often leading to leg pain or arm pain. Hernia de disco en español
- Leg Pain
When the nerves exiting the spine in the lower back are impinged, the pain may extend down the leg as a general pain, tingling, numbness, or weakness. Dolor de piernas en español
- Lower Back Pain
There are many conditions that affect the lower back - this section of Spine-health features general information about lower back pain and less common specific conditions. Lumbalgia en español
- Neck Pain
The neck can be afflicted with spinal stenosis, herniated disc, osteoarthritis, degenerative disc disease, and also by muscle strain, whiplash or other conditions. Dolor de Cuello en español
- Osteoporosis and Spinal Fractures
Most fractures in the spine are caused by osteoporosis, which is a condition in which bones lose structural integrity.
- Pregnancy and Back Pain
The bodily changes during pregnancy make back pain a common development. Certain treatments are recommended for most pregnant women to prevent back pain.
- Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
The joint between the base of the spine and the hip does not normally have much movement, but any change in the joint may cause lower back pain and/or leg pain. Disfunción de la articulación sacroilíaca en español
The sciatic nerve exits the lumbar spine and carries information between the brain and the legs. When a lower back problem affects the sciatic nerve, pain can radiate down the leg and into the foot. Ciática en Español
An abnormal side-to-side curvature of the spine, known as scoliosis, develops mostly in adolescents, but can also be a byproduct of aging and arthritis.
- Spinal Deformities
Besides scoliosis, there are other conditions which may cause a change in the normal structure of the spine.
- Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis is a condition in which parts of the spine narrows and can lead to compression of a spinal nerve or the spinal cord in the neck. Estenosis raquídea en español
- Spinal Tumor
A tumor in the spine can cause pressure on the nerves in the spine similar to many other spinal conditions.
- Spine Anatomy
Spinal anatomy is a complex construct of nerves, bones, ligaments, tendons, muscle and joints. Learning about spinal anatomy helps to understand specific back pain conditions or symptoms. Anatomía de la columna vertebral en español
Spondylolisthesis occurs when one vertebra in the spine slips forward over the one below it, causing lower back pain and/or leg pain. It most commonly occurs in the lower levels of the spine. Espondilolistesis en español
- Sports and Spine Injuries
Certain sports and activities are likely to cause or worsen back pain due to repetitive motions and added strain on the spine.
- Upper Back Pain
Pain from the thoracic spine is less common than from the cervical spine (neck) or lumbar spine (lower back). Muscular issues and joint dysfunctions are the most common problems in upper back.