If pain and symptoms from cervical degenerative disc disease intensify, steps can be taken to help alleviate the problem. The first steps are usually self-care and/or non-surgical treatment options, and typically these will effectively manage the pain.

See Neck Pain Treatment

Cervical degenerative disc disease is diagnosed when a damaged disc in the spine becomes symptomatic. Watch: Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease Video

In rare cases when pain and symptoms persist or worsen despite several months of treatment, or if spinal cord health is at stake, surgery may be considered.

See Surgery for Neck Pain Symptoms

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Non-Surgical Treatment Options

For neck pain stemming from cervical degenerative disc disease, a doctor will typically recommend one or a combination of the following treatment options:

The above list does not include all treatment options for pain related to cervical degenerative disc disease. Many other options could be considered as well, such as massage therapy, electrical stimulation (TENS unit), bracing, or acupuncture.

See Acupuncture: An Ancient Treatment for a Current Problem

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Surgery for Cervical Degenerative Disc Disease

Surgery to treat cervical degenerative disc disease is generally considered in two cases:

  • Neurological symptoms are present, such as persistent arm numbness and/or weakness, or trouble with walking or bowel control. If neurological symptoms are caused by cervical DDD there is a risk of permanent nerve damage, and surgery may be recommended to alleviate pressure on the nerve.
  • Chronic pain is severe and not adequately relieved after at least six months of non-surgical treatments, and daily activities become difficult. Better surgical results are predicted for patients with chronic pain coupled with other findings such as cervical instability, and/or radiculopathy.

See Deciding on Surgery for Degenerative Disc Disease

The two most common types of surgery for cervical degenerative disc disease are:

  • Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). This procedure is done through the front of the neck and involves removing the problematic disc, decompression of the nerve root, and insertion of a bone graft or a metal cage device to help maintain or reestablish the normal height of the disc space.

    See ACDF: Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

    If there are neurological symptoms from spinal cord compression, the surgery may also include removing part of a vertebra or widening the spinal canal to give more space for the spinal cord before the fusion is done.

  • See ACDF Surgery Procedure

  • Cervical artificial disc replacement. This surgery involves removing the problematic disc and replacing it with an artificial disc. The goal of this surgery is to preserve motion at that spinal level. Artificial disc replacement results may be better in patients with minimal arthritic changes to the posterior facets.
  • See Artificial Disc for Cervical Disc Replacement

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedure.

For relieving pressure on nerve roots and/or the spinal cord and thus reducing neurological symptoms like arm pain or weakness, neck surgery tends to have a good success rate—some estimates in literature are between 80% and 90%.4

See What Causes Hand Pain and Numbness?

However, neck surgery has a lower success rate for relieving pain that is only in the neck itself.4 If the disc space cannot be verified as the probable pain generator, it may be reasonable to avoid surgery and keep trying various types of non-surgical care to manage the pain.

References:

  1. Rhee JM, Yoon T, Riew KD. Cervical radiculopathy. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2007; 15(8): 486-94.
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