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Artificial disc products that are in development or in use are typically intended for use in patients with the following indications:

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  • Diagnosis of degenerative disc disease (typically at a single level)
  • Are between the ages of 18 and 60
  • Suffer from low back pain as the major complaint (rather than leg pain)
  • Have not responded to a minimum of six months of nonsurgical treatments (such as physical therapy, pain medications)
  • Are candidates for spine surgery (such as a lumbar fusion)

Overall, the current indications for implantation of an artificial disc are quite similar to indications for lumbar spine fusion.