The burning pain and heaviness that you feel in your leg from sciatica can be debilitating. While sciatica symptoms typically resolve without the need for intense medical treatment, it may take over a month for the pain to subside, limiting your ability to perform daily activities.1

The first line of treatment for a sciatica flare-up usually consists of nonsurgical methods. Watch: Sciatica Treatment Video

Several self-care methods can be tried at home to relieve sciatica. While some treatments help provide temporary relief irrespective of your medical diagnosis, others target the underlying cause directly—relieving the symptoms and preventing future recurrences. This blog provides insights on several such at-home remedies for sciatica pain.

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Home treatments for immediate sciatica relief

It’s a good idea to treat your sciatica as soon as it flares up. For immediate relief, try one or more of the following tips.

Ice your rear pelvis
Ice therapy can help immediately cool down your acute, burning sciatica pain. When you apply ice therapy to your rear pelvis (the region of your sciatic nerve roots), the cooling temperature helps constrict your blood vessels and reduce blood flow—creating a numbing effect and instantly reducing pain. Ice therapy also helps cool down your muscle fibers, reducing muscle spasms.2,3

See How to Use Ice to Cool Down Your Sciatica Symptoms

It’s easy to use ice therapy at home—grab a bag of frozen vegetables from your freezer or simply wrap a few ice cubes in a thick towel. Be sure to use ice therapy intermittently for about 15 minutes at a time with a 2-hour break in between consecutive applications. Place a towel or cloth barrier between your skin surface and the ice pack to prevent direct skin injury.

Watch Video: How to Make a Gel Ice Pack

Apply topical pain medication
Ointments, creams, or gels containing methyl salicylate, menthol, trolamine salicylate, capsaicin, camphor, and/or cannabidiol (CBD) can help provide immediate relief due to their localized action. The medications act by altering the blood flow to the sore region to create a numbing effect and help decrease inflammation.4

See Considering Different CBD Products for Back Pain

Topical medications are easily available over-the-counter and do not need a doctor’s prescription for purchase. Apply the recommended amount on your rear pelvis and gently massage the area. Avoid using ice or heat therapy when you use topical medications, as the effectiveness of both treatments will be reduced.

See Medications for Back Pain and Neck Pain

Massage with a tennis ball
A firm, rounded object, such as a tennis ball, can help provide effective pain relief from sciatica if used correctly. Tennis balls act as foam rollers and can help loosen soft tissues, release tension in muscles, relieve entrapped nerves, and improve flexibility in your lower back.5-7

While sitting on a chair with a solid backrest, place a tennis ball between the backrest and your lower back for an instant DIY massage and relief from sciatica. Press against the ball, focusing on tender spots and gently shift from side-to-side, which may help release tension in your tight lower back muscles and alleviate your sciatica pain.

Read more about How to Use Tennis Balls for DIY Lower Back Pain Massage

As an alternative, if you require more firm pressure, a lacrosse ball can be used in the same fashion.

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Home treatments for specific underlying causes of sciatica

Herniated/bulging discs8 and spinal stenosis9 in the lower back are two common causes of sciatica (disc problems are more common). These diagnoses typically have specific treatments, which are usually very different from each other.

  • Sciatica from a herniated disc. If you have been diagnosed with a herniated or bulging disc in your lower back, try the following;
  • Sciatica from spinal stenosis. If the underlying cause of your sciatica is spinal stenosis, try the following:
    • Limit too much activity: When you have spinal stenosis, certain everyday activities, such as walking, may further irritate your sciatic nerve roots, increasing your pain. While staying active is recommended when you have sciatica, limit activities that may worsen your symptoms.
    • Stretch: Flexion and strengthening exercises typically help relieve pain from spinal stenosis and prevent spinal nerve root irritation in your lower spine.

      Watch Sciatica Exercises for Spinal Stenosis Video

Try these home treatments to help provide meaningful pain relief when your sciatica flares up. If your back pain and leg pain become chronic, worsen over time, or if neurological symptoms, such as numbness or weakness impair your daily activities, consult your doctor for a detailed diagnostic checkup and medical treatment options.

Learn more:

4 Commonly Overlooked Sciatica Remedies

5 Tips to Relieve Sciatica Pain

References

  • 1.Davis D, Maini K, Vasudevan A. Sciatica. [Updated 2020 Jan 25]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK507908/
  • 2.Malanga GA, Yan N, Stark J. Mechanisms and efficacy of heat and cold therapies for musculoskeletal injury. Postgraduate Medicine. 2014;127(1):57-65. doi:10.1080/00325481.2015.992719
  • 3.Kim EJ, Choi YD, Lim CY, Kim KH, Lee SD. Effect of heating and cooling combination therapy on patients with chronic low back pain: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2015;16:285. Published 2015 Jun 26. doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0800-4
  • 4.McAllister R.K., Burnett C.J. (2015) Topical Analgesic Medications. In: Sackheim K. (eds) Pain Management and Palliative Care. Springer, New York, NY doi: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4939-2462-2_15
  • 5.Cheatham SW, Stull KR. ROLLER MASSAGE: A COMMENTARY ON CLINICAL STANDARDS AND SURVEY OF PHYSICAL THERAPY PROFESSIONALS- PART 1. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2018;13(4):763–772. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6088127/
  • 6.Park DJ, Hwang YI. A pilot study of balance performance benefit of myofascial release, with a tennis ball, in chronic stroke patients. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016;20(1):98-103. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.06.009
  • 7.Grieve R, Goodwin F, Alfaki M, Bourton AJ, Jeffries C, Scott H. The immediate effect of bilateral self myofascial release on the plantar surface of the feet on hamstring and lumbar spine flexibility: A pilot randomised controlled trial. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2015;19(3):544-52. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2014.12.004
  • 8.Xiang A, Xu M, Liang Y, Wei J, Liu S. Immediate relief of herniated lumbar disc-related sciatica by ankle acupuncture: A study protocol for a randomized controlled clinical trial. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96(51):e9191. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758163/
  • 9.Lee SY, Kim TH, Oh JK, Lee SJ, Park MS. Lumbar Stenosis: A Recent Update by Review of Literature. Asian Spine J. 2015;9(5):818–828. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4591458/
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