Pain from degenerative disc disease can be debilitating, but you have options.

Here are several treatment options and ways to think about managing your degenerative disc disease. Hopefully one or a few of these will work for you.

See Common Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease

For a visual guide to understanding lumbar degenerative disc disease,
Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease Video

Exercise relieves pain

Most people don't associate exercise with pain relief, but when it comes to degenerative disc disease, exercise is an elixir of sorts. It spurs blood flow and builds the supporting structures around the affected disc so that the impact of degeneration is lessened.

See Exercise for Sciatica from Degenerative Disc Disease

Of course, if you're in pain, it's hard to start exercising in the first place. Before you begin, it's important to find a way to bring your pain levels down at least enough to get started with some exercise.

People who can achieve this balance—keeping their pain to a manageable level so they can commit to an effective exercise and stretching routine—will often find that they can manage their pain well enough, continue to enjoy most everyday activities, and avoid a fusion or other type of major surgery.

See Exercise and Fitness to Help Your Back

Something as simple as applying an ice pack regularly can reduce pain from DDD.
Here are 5 quick and easy homemade ice packs to try.
Video: How to Make 5 Quick and Easy Ice Packs

  • Control your pain.
    Many people with disc degeneration need to both control pain and reduce the inflammation around the affected disc. Inflammation often contributes to pain, so it is important to try to keep inflammation to a minimal level.

    • Sometimes, simply applying ice or a cold pack to your area(s) of pain on a regular basis can help bring it down.
    • Additionally, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) such as Aleve or Advil, when coupled with a pain reliever such as Tylenol, can provide significant relief.
    • If pain persists, stronger prescription medications may be considered. Just be sure about appropriate dosage and possible side effects before you start taking any medicine.
    • See Medications for Back Pain and Neck Pain

    Once your pain is relieved, you can begin to...

  • Exercise.
    Improving muscle support through strength and resistance exercises, plus maintaining heart health and a healthy weight through cardio exercise, are all components of a pain relief plan.

    Remaining flexible through stretching, particularly for the hamstring muscles and hip flexors, will also help.


Make everyday lifestyle changes

While it may seem obvious, subtle everyday changes can add up to significant pain relief for those with degenerated discs, and cost little in terms of time or money.

  • Modify or stop activities that hurt the back.
    It may be hard to give up the Saturday basketball game or scale back on golf, but doing so will minimize twisting the back. The same goes for lifting large or heavy objects.

    See Playing Golf with Low Back Pain

    In general, avoid or minimize any activities that make your back feel worse.

    See Avoid Back Injury with the Right Lifting Techniques

  • Support your back throughout the day.
    In the past few years, many companies have designed ergonomic chairs that are more supportive of your lower back. In addition, many people find it helpful to work at a standup desk for at least part of the day.

    Changing how you sleep, using different pillows, and/or considering a new mattress can help provide better spinal alignment and support throughout the night. Adjustable beds are no longer just for the hospital—if you find that you're most comfortable in a recliner, then consider sleeping in a semi-upright position with an adjustable bed, or simply by adding a foam-wedge pillow to your regular bed.

  • See Using an Adjustable Bed for Back Pain

A PLIF surgery may be done to treat pain and instability caused by lumbar degenerative disc disease. Watch: Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) Video

Consider surgery if you fail the "everyday activities" test

No one looks forward to surgery, but sometimes it can be a reasonable option for addressing severe pain and disability from degenerative disc disease.

See Controlling Degenerative Disc Disease Pain: Three Things You Can Do

A key question to ask yourself (expect your doctor to ask you too) is: are you making significant concessions in how you do—or whether you do—everyday activities because of your pain?

  • Are you able to complete the everyday tasks that you need to, such as shopping for groceries and putting them away, picking up children, driving, or sitting at work?
  • Can you sleep at night? Pain that is bad enough to disrupt your sleep can also be an indicator that it may be time to consider surgery.

Not being able to engage in everyday activities may mean that it's time to consider discussing your options with a spine surgeon.

See Deciding on Surgery for Degenerative Disc Disease

And one final point: don't stop looking for the treatment that works for you. We hear from people in our forums communities every day who had to try several different treatments before they found the one—or the combination—that worked best for them.

Learn more:

Living with Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative Disc Disease Treatment Guidelines