Over 80% of the population will suffer from lower back pain during their lives. Most cases of lower back pain can be linked to a general cause—such as muscle strain, injury, or overuse—or can be attributed to a specific condition of the spine, most commonly:

A number of less common conditions can cause low back pain as well, such as sacroiliac joint dysfunction, spinal tumors, fibromyalgia, and piriformis syndrome.

Some patients may elect to have surgery if their lower back pain has not improved after 6-12 weeks on nonsurgical treatment.

Back cracking and grinding is commonly the result of facet joint manipulation. Find out what causes crepitus in the back and when it may signal a more serious medical condition.

Explore non-surgical treatments for coccydynia (tailbone pain), which can range from self-care such as NSAIDs, ice and heat, and custom sit pillows to doctor-provided treatments.

Lumbago (low back pain) causes can be complex and are not always apparent. Examine the principles needed to understand specific types of low back pain.