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Commonly Used Acronyms on Spine Health

SHModeratorSHModerator Posts: 43
edited 02/02/2016 - 11:23 AM in Chronic Pain
Commonly Used Acronyms on Spine-Health

Commonly used Acronyms and Terms on Spine-Health

ADR- Artificial Disc Replacement
Allograft- Cadaver bone graft used in fusion process
Autograft- bone used during a fusion surgery from the patient
BID- twice daily
BMP- Bone Morphegenic Protein
Fusion- the process of making two bony segments become one
GP- general practitioner
PM- pain management
PMD- pain management physician
PMC – pain management clinic
Primary – also known as general practitioner
PO- Post op, or by mouth
TID- three times daily
QID- four times daily
PRN- as needed

Surgical Acronyms

ACD- Anterior Cervical Discectomy
ACDF-Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion
ALIF -Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Discectomy- type of surgery done to repair a disc that has herniated or bulged
MD- Micro discectomy
OD- Open Discectomy
OLIF- Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion
PLIF- Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
PCD- Posterior Cervical Discectomy
PCDF – Posterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion
TLIF- Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
XLIF- Extreme Lateral Interbody fusion

Treatment Acronyms

Cauterization- burning of a blood vessel or a nerve
ESI- Epidural Steroid Injection
FI- Facet Injection
PP- pain pump
RFA – Radio Frequency Ablation
PT- Physical Therapy
PM- Pain Management
SCS- Spinal cord stimulation
TENS- Transcutaneous Electrical Neural Stimulation

Commonly used Condition and Report Acronyms
Osteophytes- Bone spurs growing in the spine
Spondylolsis- arthritis of the spine
Spondylolysthesis- slippage of one vertebra over another toward the front of the body
Retrolisthesis- slippage of one vertebrae over another to the posterior of the body
DB- Disc bulge is a broad based area of the disc that is located outside the normal anatomical margins
DE- Disc extrusion- broken off piece of the disc that is not in contact with the rest of the disc
DDD- Degenerative Disc Disease
Foramen- Opening on each side of the vertebre, where the nerve roots exit at each spinal level/segment
Herniation- a segment/portion of a disc that is displaced from the rest of the disc. It is usually still attached to the remaining disc.
Stenosis –narrowing of the foramina or central canal of the spinal column

Anatomical Acronyms

Anterior – toward the front of the body
Annulus– fibrious covering of a disc
Cauda Equina- the “horses tail” or spinal nerves in the lumbar area of the spine
Conus Medullaris- end of the spinal cord proper, located at L1
Disc – “cushion” between each vertebra
Dura- covering of the spinal cord
FJ- facet joint
Foramina- Foramen- where the nerve roots exit in the lumbar spine
Lamina- covering or roof of the back of the spine
PD- pars defect
Posterior- toward the rear of the body
Thecal sac- covering the sac containing the spinal nerves
Spinal column- vertebra running throughout your spine
SI Joint- Sacro-illiac Joint
Vertebra/Vertebrae- bony segments of the spine

TEST Acronyms

CT- Computer Aided Tomography
BDS- Bone density scan
EMG – electromyography
Fluroscopy*- a real time imaging machine similar to an xray-often used during spinal injections, and other procedures and myelogram procedures.
Myelogram- test in which dye in injected into the thecal space and images are taken
MRI- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
SSEP- Somatosensory Evoked Potential
Ron DiLauro,  Spine-Health
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