Spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal cord in the neck (cervical spine) or the spinal nerve roots in the lower back (lumbar spine) are compressed. Symptoms of lumbar stenosis often include leg pain (sciatica) and leg tingling, weakness, or numbness. Arm pain is a typical symptom of cervical spinal stenosis. For cervical spinal stenosis with myelopathy, difficulty with coordination often occurs.

Stenosis treatment may include non-surgical options (exercise, anti-inflammatory medication, epidural injections, and activity modification) or back surgery.

The most common kinds of spine surgery for synovial cysts can be either a decompression alone or a decompression with a spine fusion.

Surgery for central canal stenosis may be performed from the front or the back of the spine and the goal is to decompress the spinal cord.

The symptoms and signs of central canal stenosis may occur anywhere along the body depending on the location of spinal cord compression. Typically, the cervical and lumbar spine are commonly affected.

A synovial cyst can cause pain and symptoms of spinal stenosis. Explore the causes of a synovial cyst and how it can cause pain in the lower back.

Explore the three main treatment options for synovial cysts in the lower back, including activity modification, injections and surgery options.

Learn about the two general types of spinal stenosis: foraminal stenosis and central canal stenosis.
Learn about the types of spinal stenosis, including lumbar stenosis and cervical stenosis, and associated pain and symptoms.
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