Most patients who undergo lumbar multilevel spinal fusion experience some degree of improvement in their back pain. A study evaluating long-term outcomes in 101 patients with multilevel spinal fusion found:

  • 77% of the patients reported some improvement in back pain
  • 51% of the patients were satisfied with their surgical outcome
  • 24% of the patients needed revision surgery within 2 to 5 years due to a complication
  • 19% of the patients had a major neurological complication
  • 48% of the patients were admitted to the intensive care unit due to an adverse event

Factors that influence the outcome typically depend on the presence of underlying conditions, the health of the other segments of the spine that are not being fused, the number of levels being fused, and the age of the patient.

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