Is surgery for neck or back pain necessary? Sometimes. It is reasonable to consider spine surgery if the pain has not diminished after months of non-surgical treatment, if pain does not respond to medication, or if you're unable to complete basic daily activities. Some surgery options are minimally invasive (microdiscectomy for a  herniated disc) and allow for quick recovery, while other types of surgery (a posterolateral fusion for degenerative disc disease) are more extensive.

Although there are many aspects of a psychological preparation program, a tailored approach often works the best. Learn specific techniques for the psychological preparation of back surgery.

The interspinous process devices are designed to distract (open) the foramen, where the nerve endings pass away from the center of the spinal region and into the legs.
Kyphoplasty is an elective surgery designed to reduce or eliminate back pain in people with vertebral compression fractures; avoid an increase in spinal deformity; and restore spinal alignment.

Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed through a small skin puncture. A typical kyphoplasty procedure takes 1 to 2 hours per vertebral level to complete.

In addition to general surgery risks, complications specific to kyphoplasty include bone cement leakage, paralysis, pulmonary embolism, and allergic reactions to the bone cement or other agents.

Lumbar decompression relieves pain due to neural impingement (pinched nerves) by removing bone from over the nerve root/disc material and providing more healing space.

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