Is surgery for neck or back pain necessary? Sometimes. It is reasonable to consider spine surgery if the pain has not diminished after months of non-surgical treatment, if pain does not respond to medication, or if you're unable to complete basic daily activities. Some surgery options are minimally invasive (microdiscectomy for a  herniated disc) and allow for quick recovery, while other types of surgery (a posterolateral fusion for degenerative disc disease) are more extensive.

The types of lumbar spinal fusion that may be done safely on an outpatient basis include ALIF, TLIF, and XLIF.

A posterior cervical laminectomy is a surgical treatment for cervical stenosis that involves removing the lamina and spinous process to give the spinal cord more room.
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