Spinal fusion surgery comes in many forms: lumbar spinal fusion, cervical spinal fusion, and PLIFs just to name a few. They are all designed to help limit pain caused by the joints, though each surgery is different depending on whether you are trying to treat degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, or another condition. Knowing your spinal fusion options can go a long way toward alleviating your back pain.

Allograft is bone harvested by a tissue bank from a cadaver for use in medical procedures like spinal fusion, with it used on its own or as a supplement to the patient's own bone.

An anterior/posterior lumbar fusion procedure fuses both the front and back of the spine, provides a high degree of stability for the spine, and creates a large surface area for bone fusion to occur.

During the spinal fusion surgery, autograft (also known as as autologous bone or autogenous bone graft) is taken from the patient and transferred to the portion of the spine to be fused.
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMP) stimulate bone growth naturally in the human body, with these proteins produced, concentrated and placed in the area of the spine for a spine fusion to take place.

In a spinal fusion, a bone graft and/or bone graft substitute is needed for the solid bridge to form between two vertebral segments to stop the movement in that section of the spine.