Most episodes of neck pain are due to muscle strain or soft tissue sprain (ligaments, tendons), but it can also be caused by a sudden force (whiplash). These types of neck pain often improve with time and non-surgical care such as medication and chiropractic manipulation. But if neck pain continues or worsens, there is often a specific condition that requires treatment, such as cervical degenerative disc diseasecervical herniated disc, cervical stenosis, or cervical arthritis.

Cervicogenic headache (CGH) is a secondary headache that occurs because of a physical or neurologic condition in the neck.
Some small studies show that acupuncture is an effective treatment for chronic neck pain and stiffness, but more research is needed to find out how long the effects of the treatment last.

In-depth information about the types of chronic neck pain in the cervical spine including symptoms of the common causes of chronic neck pain.

Physicians can typically diagnose brachial neuritis through a patient history and physical exam, but more complex cases may require medical imaging and electrodiagnostic tests.
The initial symptom of brachial neuritis is a sudden onset of severe pain in the shoulder and/or upper arm. Later on shoulder weakness, tingling and numbness may also develop.
Pain management using medication, heat and ice therapy, rest, or TENs is often the first line of treatment for brachial neuritis. Physical therapy and surgery may also be recommended by a physician.

The exact cause of neck crepitus is not well always well understood, but articular pressure changes, moving ligaments and tendons, or bone-on-bone grinding may each lead to crepitus.

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