The spinal column is a complex, intricate construct that includes a variety of nerves, bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, and muscles woven together. The spine is designed to be remarkably strong, with a great deal of flexibility in the lower back and neck. The in-depth spinal column anatomy information presented in the following articles and videos provides a foundation for understanding different spine problems and treatment options

The L5-S1 spinal motion segment helps transfer loads from the spine into the pelvis/legs and may be susceptible to degeneration, herniation, and/or nerve pain

Learn the difference between pain that is caused by a disc condition causing nerve root pain (radicular pain) and the disc itself being the source of the pain (axial or referred pain).

The C5-C6 spinal motion segment provides flexibility and support to the neck. This motion segment may be a source of pain due to degenerative changes, trauma, and poor posture.
The C6-C7 spinal motion segment bears the primary load from the weight of the head and supports the lower part of the neck. This motion segment is susceptible to degeneration, trauma, and intervertebral disc problems.

This article provides information on nerve and spinal nerve anatomy, including motor and sensory nerve information.

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