Please see the index below for a list of all our articles on Spine Anatomy.

If you are new to the subject, we recommend starting with: Spinal Anatomy and Back Pain

The C1 and C2 vertebrae are the first two vertebrae of the spine. Trauma to this level not only injures these two vertebrae, but may also damage the C2 spinal nerve, the vertebral artery, and/or the spinal cord.

Since the back is such a complex anatomical structure, it's no surprise that describing a patient's back problem is complicated. This article reviews common spinal anatomy terminology and the usual sources of confusion.

Explore the importance of vertebrae in the vertebral column. Understand their structure, function, and role in supporting the spine, ensuring overall stability and flexibility.